Creatine in combination with other supplements Although creatine can be bought commercially as a standalone product it is often found in combination with other nutrients.
International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: creatine supplementation and exercise.
Polyethylene glycol is a non-toxic, water-soluble polymer that is capable of enhancing the absorption of creatine and various other substances [ 66 ].
There is a great amount of research published on creatine supplementation; protocols of administration, forms of creatine, as well as potential side effects. Studies with animal and cellular models demonstrated positive effect of creatine ingestion on neurodegenerative diseases.
Dash AK 1Sawhney A. The increase in body mass occurs because creatine causes the muscles to hold water.
Brain creatine deficiency resulting from ineffective crea T1 has been shown not to be effectively treated with oral creatine supplementation [ 51 ]. Different forms of creatine are used in supplements, including creatine monohydrate and creatine nitrate. However, the ideal dose of creatine to maximize brain uptake is not known.
The specific aspects of anaerobic endurance performance improved by creatine supplementation were work and power, both of which had a mean ES greater than 0.