Panda and snow leopard are also found here.
There are few absolute boundaries in the sea, and defined boundaries may change over a variety of time scales. Biogeographic classifications often combine qualitative information e. Many of them are covered with thick forests and some are highly dissected.
It has several species of orchids, bamboos, ferns and other plants. The plants are mostly xerophytic.
Univ California Press, 57 7— The varied climate and diverse topography create a wide array of habitats that support unique sets of plant and animal species. Mangrove vegetation is characteristic of estuarine tracts along the coast for instance, at Ratnagiri in Maharashtra.
Political or governance management regions These often follow delineations of sovereignty divisions between governing entities.The plain supports some of the highest population densities depending upon purely agro-based economy in some of these areas. This is likely due to the lack of knowledge on high seas biodiversity and ecological geography, and the greater incentive to manage areas closer to shore that coincide with more traditional and less remote fishing grounds. The concordance between community metrics and the previous classifications was high, as indicated by a high multivariate classification success CS Elsevier, Amsterdam, p. Furthermore, it aimed to overcome the sector-by-sector approach to marine resource management and provide a basis for the integrated management of ocean resources within a defined geographical area. The Trans-Himalayan region with its sparse vegetation has the richest wild sheep and goat community in the world. Examples of approaches to the classification of marine environments include those listed below. Birds, jackals, leopards, eagles, snakes, fox, buffaloes are found in this region. Larger parts of the coastal plains are covered by fertile soils on which different crops are grown. The original vegetation of the ill-drained valley bottoms with sluggish streams in elevations below m would be often a special formation, the Myristica swamp. For example, the Convention on Biological Diversity CBD and the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands both recognise the need to protect areas that represent the full range of biodiversity, for which biogeographic classifications are a useful tool. The varied climate and diverse topography create a wide array of habitats that support unique sets of plant and animal species. For example, the impact on a particular region might be particularly critical due to the presence of a geographically restricted species or habitat.
This dataset was developed to address the need for a detailed, biogeographic system to classify the oceans. There have also been attempts at classifying offshore areas, e.The trees belonging to these forests are teak, sal, shisham, mahua, khair etc. The classification derived from macroalgal presence-absence data achieved the highest CS and could be used as a mesoscale classification scheme in which 11 regional groupings i. The plain supports some of the highest population densities depending upon purely agro-based economy in some of these areas. Anai mudi is the highest peak of this region. Johannesburg, South Africa: United Nations. Elsevier, Amsterdam, p. They tend to focus on coastal and shelf waters, i.
Camels, wild asses, foxes, and snakes are found in hot and arid parts of the desert. A few species of xerophytic herbs and some ephemeral herbs are found in this semi-arid tract.The Western Ghats are well known for harboring 14 endemic species of caecilians i. Semi-Arid Areas[ edit ] Adjoining the desert are the semi-arid areas, a transitional zone between the desert and the denser forests of the Western Ghats. The methods used will depend on the aims, objectives and scale of the desired classification. The scale at which to define biogeographic classifications is an important consideration and will vary with the particular aims of the process. Several interesting animals live in the Himalayan ranges. Johannesburg, South Africa: United Nations. These hills are known for their high levels of endemism expressed at both higher and lower taxonomic levels. The thickness in the alluvial sediments varies considerably with its maximum in the Ganga plains. Panda and snow leopard are also found here. Coconut trees grow all along the coast. The backwaters are the characteristic features of this coast. For example, consideration should be taken of the scale at which data are available, the scale at which habitats or ecological communities change significantly, and also the scale at which any planning or management may be applied or may be most effective. Elsevier, Amsterdam, p.