Downfall of mughal

Mughal empire family tree

Wars of Succession, which had been a regular feature among the Mughals, had become more acute after the death of Bahadur Shah. But Mohammad Shah was not equal to the task. Even today, the struggle between tolerance and bigotry remained as the world grapples with globalization and crisis. Mughal Emperors supported astrologers and study of astronomy by building observatories that helped in the composition of hundreds of treatises about the night sky. Its monuments stood as a symbol of the opulence and diversity of the empire. In fact, the decline began during the last days of Aurangzeb. The Red Fort in Delhi awestruck onlookers with its impregnable red sanstone wall and its opulent imperial pavilions, palaces, and gardens meant to emulate the paradise in Islam. Wars of Succession: The Mughals did not follow any law of succession like the law of primogeniture. Akbar had enlisted the Hindu warrior tribes, chiefly the Rajputs, and appointed them in chief civil and military posts. The Great Mughals were efficient and exercised control over ministers and army, but the later Mughals were poor administrators. The army was out-dated in regard to equipment. They were assigned revenues of large tracts of land for their maintenance.

This naturally gave rise to chaos, intrigues and corruption which in turn produced administrative confusion. His abdication finally ended the Mughal Empire.

decline of mughal empire pdf

Later, however, it also showed how intolerance and persecution resulted in disaster. His policy of persecution of the Hindus, who formed the bulk of the population of the country, hastened the fall of his dynasty.

These invasions shook the very stability of the empire. When Europe was being illuminated with renaissance movement, establishing universities, hospitals and welfare institutions, our rulers were indulged in making gardens, palaces and palace intrigues.

Decline of mughal empire class 8

You have also come to know that there was no definite law of succession. His abdication finally ended the Mughal Empire. Often they proved to be disloyal. In , he marched to Delhi and after meeting the imperial army at Karnal near Panipath, he entered Delhi and sacked the city. Lucidity is not Eraly's most notable quality and his approach to chronology is often idiosyncratic. With the support of the Islamic orthodoxy, however, a younger son of Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb reigned — , seized the throne. As a result, the distant provinces became independent. One of the reasons that power centers kept springing up outside Delhi was the frequent change in the succession of Empires. Moreover, the defeat of the Marathas gave the English the opportunity they needed to consolidate their position in Bengal. They did nothing to cure the endemic weaknesses of Indian society and added fresh economic burdens through the profligacy of their courts and the cost of their military campaigns. But gradually each one developed its own distinctive characteristics.

The courtiers and the noble of Mughal rulers of 17th and 18th century were not men of characters and divided on ethnic and linguistic basis. He commissioned the creation of the legendary Peacock Throne studded with precious stones and gems.

Aurangzeb also turned against the Shias with as much hatred as the Hindus.

Downfall of mughal

His benign broad-mindedness did not last long after his departure; under Aurangzeb, Hindu temples were demolished, the Jesuit missions curbed, the hated Jizya — a poll tax on all who were not Muslims — reimposed. Akbar had established an excellent financial system under which the government had become rich and the people had led fairly comfortable lives. No doubt those were omitted on the grounds of expense, but it is still irritating to read a description of a portrait and yet not be allowed to see it. The sacking of Delhi left the Mughal Emperors in a pathetic state of existence as mere princely figures without power and few lands, controlling only the area surrounding Delhi. Thus, anarchy prevailed all over India, many governors and Subedars declared themselves sovereign, the Marathas and Sikhs rose their heads and became the key players of India. Write four important causes of the downfall of the Mughal empire. Balaji Vishwanath concentrated all power in his own hands and became the real ruler of the Marathas. Still more does the book need a family tree. Why this degradation took place is no mystery. Akbar, the greatest of the Mughal emperors, was an honourable exception. Rise of Marathas: The rise of the Marathas resulted in a period of anarchy and chaos. Akbar won over the Hindus by a policy of religious toleration. In , he marched to Delhi and after meeting the imperial army at Karnal near Panipath, he entered Delhi and sacked the city.
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Causes of the Downfall of Mughal Empire Essay