Note that the attitude you are expressing should not be based on personal preferences but rather on the evidence that you are presenting. One way of looking at the characteristics of academic writing is summarized in the figure below. A variety of grammatical structures are used to create complex sentences.
In general this means that conversational English should be avoided and facts and figures should be presented in a clear manner. Examples  and  also do something that is a key feature of academic writing: they take a critical view of their subjects.
We use more words in spoken than written English, so writing often involves finding alternative words to the words we use in everyday speech.
Through critical analysis we are able to add a new perspective to a subject instead of just rewriting what has already been written. This would be quite typical academic sentence, for example: Biologist had attempted to synthesize molecular developments for the previous 10 years.
Svenska Features of Academic Language Academic language has a unique set of rules: it should be explicit, formal and factual as well as objective and analytical in nature. For further information and examples of subjective and objective language, see this handout from the University of Adelaide.
UN and WHO are two examples of well-known acronyms. So basically whenever you enter any college or university, you enter an academic community that has its values and shares certain ways of writing and speaking. Correct use of terminology and language facilitates your communication and heightens the credibility of your work.
How much detail do I need to give? Signposts are words and phrases that you can use in your text in order to guide the reader along.