Still today, they reject the idea of a united and independent Ireland.
The First World War broke out in August This appalling situation could not go on forever and the two sides agreed to sign a truce in July The Act led to a first attempt at rebellion in by Robert Emmet, an Irish patriot and a middle-class Protestant republican whose revolt turned out to be a mere street riot and was swiftly suppressed.
Though largely initiated by artists and writers of Protestant or Anglo-Irish background, the movement nonetheless captured the imaginations of idealists from native Irish and Catholic background.
The first two Irish Home Rule Bills were put before the House of Commons of the United Kingdom in andbut they were bitterly resisted and the second bill ultimately defeated in the Conservative's pro- Unionist majority controlled House of Lords.
One person who saw the potential and highlighted the plight of the tenant farmers and labourers was James Fintan Lalor. The way to do this, he thought, was not to placate the reactionary sentiments of the Orange Order but to show how its sectarianism divided workers.